Russia was a country in turmoil, with a government that struggled to keep order.
The Russian Empire was in a state of unrest in the early 20th century. The Tsar’s government had to deal with economic and social problems as well as political unrest. The economy suffered from industrialisation, which created high unemployment rates and inflation. Meanwhile, there were political tensions between the government and liberal groups.
How did Russia become an empire?
Russia was originally a collection of principalities ruled by local princes. In the 15th century, Moscow became the capital of Russia and its ruler Ivan III took control over all other Russian principalities. He also claimed the title of Tsar (or Caesar), which is how his successors became known as Tsars.
What were some causes of unrest in Russia?
There were various social issues that caused unrest in Russia at this time: