The effects of latitude on climate are determined by how far north or south you are.
The effects of latitude on climate are determined by how far north or south you are. The further north you go, the more extreme the seasons become and the shorter each season is. In the northern hemisphere, for example, winter lasts longer and summer is shorter than in the southern hemisphere. Latitude also affects what time of day it gets light and dark. At higher latitudes, there is less difference between day and night because days are shorter in summer.
Latitude also has an effect on temperature. In general, temperature decreases as you move further away from the equator. This means that there is less variation in temperature between different places at higher latitudes.